Ideally, your tenants will strictly abide by your lease terms, so you won’t ever need to issue a lease violation notice. But you should have a procedure in place in the unlikely event that you need to remind them of the lease conditions. We’ll look at typical lease violations in this post, as well as how to draft a notice of lease violation and how long a tenant has to correct the problem.
What is a Lease Violation?
A lease is a written agreement that specifies the policies and procedures your renter must adhere to while residing on your property. It serves as a manual to control a tenant’s conduct. Once both the renter and the landlord sign, it attests to their adherence to the rules. Any behavior that violates the terms of the lease is a lease violation. Many lease agreements specify in detail what a tenant should and should not do while residing there.
What is an example of Lease Violation Letter?
Dear [Tenant’s Name],
This letter serves as notice that you are in violation of the lease agreement for the property located at [Property Address]. Specifically, the lease agreement requires that [specific lease violation].
We have received several complaints from other tenants regarding [specific violation]. We have also conducted an inspection of the property and have found that the violation has not been corrected.
As per the lease agreement, you are required to correct this violation within [number of days] days of receiving this letter. If the violation is not corrected by [specific date], we will be forced to take further action, which may include, but is not limited to, eviction proceedings.
If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us at [landlord/property manager’s contact information]. We hope to resolve this matter quickly and efficiently.
[Landlord/Property Manager’s Name]
It’s crucial to keep in mind that this is only a sample letter and that the precise wording and specifications may change based on the rules of the state or municipality where the rental property is situated. Additionally, seeking legal advice prior to sending any legal correspondence is advised.
Commonly Lease Agreement Violations
Certain lease infractions occur more frequently than others. Typical lease infractions include:
- Often missing deadlines for rent payments
- Pet ownership on a no-pets property
- Recurring complains about noise
- Smoking inside a nonsmoking building
- Ignoring the allocated home upkeep
The most important details are that landlords must adhere to the conditions of the lease, and that failing to respect the tenant’s privacy can result in withholding rent, penalties, and/or a broken lease agreement.
Additionally, landlords should prioritize their connection with tenants and take their concerns seriously. Maintaining a positive landlord-tenant relationship can reduce leasing infractions.
What Should Be in a Notice of Lease Violation?
A lease violation notice informs the tenant that they have violated the terms of their lease, and specifies a window of time during which they must fix the issue or face eviction. A sample notice of lease violation is available.
If you elect to draft your own lease violation notice, it should contain the following information:
- The location of the rental home
- The tenant’s last name (s)
- The time
- The breach of the lease (along with supporting details like date and time as available)
- Mention of the clause in the original lease agreement that was violated
- The time limit for changing the behavior
- The ramifications of continuing to break the lease
Be respectful and strong when writing a lease violation letter, using neutral language to encourage a positive landlord-tenant relationship. Check local landlord-tenant rules before sending a letter to ensure the renter has enough time to behave properly.
Addressing Lease Violations: Why Landlords Should Take Action
Lease violations can have serious consequences for landlords, including financial losses and damage to their property. It is important for landlords to take action when they become aware of lease violations by their tenants, as they can cause problems for other tenants and lead to legal issues or disputes with tenants.
By proactively addressing lease violations, landlords can reduce the risk of legal disputes and maintain a positive relationship with their tenants.
How to Deliver a Notice for Lease Violation
Record all landlord-tenant conversations, especially when the renter is breaking the terms of the lease. Send a letter of lease violation certified mail to ensure delivery. This will demonstrate that the tenant read the letter and is willing to follow instructions to fix the issue before it worsens.
How much time is given to tenants to change their behavior?
Landlords must be aware of federal, state, and municipal landlord-tenant rules to avoid penalties for breaking the lease. Colorado landlords must give renters a 10-day notice before filing an eviction action, while California landlords must give renters three days. It is important for landlords to be knowledgeable of these rules.
What Consequence Could Follow a Lease Violation Letter?
When a tenant violates the terms of a lease agreement, it is considered a breach of contract. The consequences for tenants depend on the severity of the violation and the landlord’s response. Here are some potential consequences for tenants if a lease violation goes on their record:
- Notice to Cease: If a tenant violates any terms from the lease agreement, the landlord must first issue a Notice to Cease. This informs the tenant that they have to resolve the violation
- Warning: For minor violations, landlords may issue a warning to the tenant
- Fines: Some lease agreements include clauses that allow landlords to impose fines for certain violations
- Eviction: If the violation is severe or repeated, landlords may choose to evict the tenant
- Legal action: In some cases, landlords may take legal action against tenants who violate their lease agreements
It’s important for tenants to understand their rights and responsibilities under their lease agreement and to communicate with their landlord if they have any concerns or questions.
What are the 5 most common lease violations?
The most common lease violations are:
Non-payment of rent:
This is the most common violation, as it occurs when a tenant fails to pay the rent on time or in full.
Tenants may cause damage to the rental property, either intentionally or unintentionally. This can include things like holes in the walls, broken windows, or stains on the carpets.
Violation of quiet hours:
Many lease agreements include a clause that prohibits excessive noise during certain hours of the day or night.
Many lease agreements include a clause that limits the number of people who can live in the rental property.
Tenants may engage in illegal activities on the rental property, such as drug use or dealing.
It’s important to keep in mind that the most common lease violations can vary depending on the laws of the state or municipality where the rental property is located. Landlords should be familiar with the laws of their state and the specific lease violations that are prohibited by the state.
What to do if tenant refuses to move out?
If a tenant refuses to move out, the landlord must follow the legal eviction process. The process for eviction varies depending on the laws of the state or municipality where the rental property is located. However, there are some general steps that are typically followed:
- Serve a notice: The landlord must serve the tenant with a notice to vacate, which gives the tenant a certain number of days to move out. The notice must be served in accordance with state laws.
- File an eviction complaint: If the tenant does not move out by the deadline given in the notice, the landlord can file an eviction complaint with the court.
- Attend the hearing: Both the landlord and the tenant will have an opportunity to present their case to the court at a hearing.
- Wait for the court’s decision: The court will make a decision on the eviction complaint and will issue an eviction order if the landlord’s case is successful.
- Execution of the eviction order: If the landlord wins the case, the court will issue an eviction order. The landlord can then ask the sheriff or a constable to remove the tenant and their belongings from the rental property.
It’s important to note that the eviction process can be time-consuming and costly, and in some cases, landlords may not be able to evict a tenant, even if they are in violation of the lease. It’s also important to consult with a lawyer familiar with the laws in your area to ensure that you are following the correct process and to protect yourself from potential legal problems.